USAID Integrated Water Resources Management Project
Over the last two decades, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has worked closely with the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) improving water management to benefit the economy of Egypt. The current initiative of the USAID Environment Office and the Government of Egypt is known as the LIFE program, an acronym for Livelihood and Income from the Environment.
The LIFE-Integrated Water Resources Management Project works with the MWRI to provide technical assistance, training, commodities, and small grants to support decentralization of water management. The aim is to increase water use efficiency and productivity. This is achieved by working with the MWRI to expand decentralization efforts through the establishment of Integrated Water Management Districts (IWMDs), and formation of Branch Canal Water Users’ Associations (BCWUAs). Project activities that focus on developing local capacity to better manage solid and liquid waste, as well as to encourage appropriate wastewater reuse in agriculture also support this aim.
Integrated Water Resources Management is turning a Concept into Reality. The IWRM Project supports integration at the district level in a variety of ways.
• Administration: MWRI Irrigation District offices are consolidated to bring all water management responsibilities together in a single office called an Integrated Water Management District (IWMD).
• Water Resources: All water sources are monitored and accounted for as part of the district water budget and allocation program; surface, groundwater, drainage, and treated wastewater.
• User Participation: Functioning Branch Canal Water User Associations (BCWUAs) are established to contribute as partners in decision making.
• Stakeholder Participation: Linkages between these BCWUAs, the IWMD office, local councils, other government/non-government agencies, and the private sector are encouraged.
• Information Systems: Data are gathered on water availability, allocation and quality, as well as on user needs and priorities to guide decision-making.
Cross-Cutting Activities: Environmental education, public awareness, and communication support all project elements. These activities are critical given the evident need to involve a broad spectrum of stakeholders in a participatory process to ensure acceptance and sustainability.
Gender considerations, a major focus of the USAID-Egypt: strategy and the GOE’s vision are also a cross-cutting theme. The project provides gender training to initiate actions that contribute to women’s active participation at all levels and enhance their capacities to generate income. To provide baseline measures, guide implementation, and define results, monitoring and evaluation activities are a vital cross-cutting component of the project.
LIFE-IWRM Project activities are organized in three areas and consist of seven major tasks, as follows :
1. Decentralized Management of Water Resources
• Formation of Integrated Water Management Districts
• Formation of Branch Canal Water User Associations
• Equitable Allocation of Water Resources
2. Stakeholder Engagement in Water Resources Management
• Improved Maintenance and Upgrading of Water Management
• Environmental Services for Improving Water Quality Management
• Improved Wastewater Reuse Practices
3. Capacity Building for MWRI Staff
• Graduate Degree Training for MWRI
Formation of IWMDs with the capability and authority to coordinate all irrigation and water management activities will result in improved efficiency. Formation of BCWUAs linked with these IWMDs and other local partners will lead to greater civic responsibility for maintaining water ways; improving the quality of water resources through better local management of liquid and solid waste. By participating in water management decision-making and governance, rural inhabitants will realize economic benefits.
It is anticipated that approximately 9 million farmers and other water users will benefit from the project. The plan is to establish 27 IWMDs linked with approximately 1,000 BCWUAs covering 1.2 million feddans of agricultural land. During this period, the Integrated Water Resources Management Project activities will focus on four Irrigation Directorates; Zifta and West Sharkiya in the Delta, and Qena and Aswan in Upper Egypt.
The MWRI is the lead GOE partner for this initiative with collaboration from the Ministries of Environment, Education, Housing, and Health. Local councils, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations are also involved in the program areas. International Resources Group (IRG), as prime contractor, and the Integrated Water Management Unit (IWMU), the MWRI counterpart, lead and coordinate the project.
The LIFE- IWRM Project produced the following technical reports :
− Report 1 Annual Work Plan - Year1
− Report 2 Quarterly Report (Oct - Dec 2004)
− Report 3 Monitoring and Evaluation Plan
− Report 4 Quarterly Report (Jan - March 2005)
− Report 5 Quarterly Report (Apr - Jun 2005)
− Report 6 Task 5: Senbo Household Survey
− Report 7 Task 5: Waste Management Feasibility Study
− Report 8 Task 5 Senbo Pilot Waste Water Treatment Design
− Report 9 Task 4: Farmers’ Assessment
− Report 10M&E: Farmer Survey
− Report 11 Task 1 Establishing Integrated Water Management Districts
− Report 12 Violations DB User Manual (Arabic)
− Report 13 Complaints DB User Manual (Arabic)
− Report 14 MISD Software User Manual (Arabic)
− Report 15 Task 5: Senbo Pilot Ag Waste Design
− Report 16 Annual Work Plan Year 2
− Report 17 Annual Report Year 1
− Report 18 Water Level Data Base User Manual (Arabic)
− Report 19 Monitoring and Evaluation Report Year 1
− Report 20 Information System Year 1 Assessment
− Report 21 Task 6 Luxor Irrigation Network Design
− Report 22 Task 6: Luxor Demo Environmental Monitoring Plan
− Report 23 Quarterly Report (Oct. - Dec. 2005)
− Report 24 Quarterly Report (Jan – Mar 2006)
− Report 25 Task 6 Irrigation and Crop Management Plan
− Report 26 Quarterly Report (Apr. - Jun 2006)
− Report 27 IWRM Work Plan Year 3
− Report 28 Year 2 IS Assessment
− Report 29 Annual Report Year 2
− Report 30 Task 4 Improved Maintenance and Upgrading of Water
− Report 31 Monitoring and Evaluation Report Year 2
− Report 32 Quarterly Report (Oct - Dec 2006)
− Report 33 Task 6 Economic Feasibility Study
− Report 34 Quarterly Report (Jan - March 2007)
− Report 35 Quarterly Report (April - June 2007)
Success Stories :
Life-IWRM Highlights 1
Life-IWRM Highlights 2
Life-IWRM Highlights 4
Life-IWRM Highlights 5
Life-IWRM Highlights 6
Life-IWRM Highlights 7
Life-IWRM Highlights 8
Life-IWRM Highlights 9