The National Water Quality and Availability Management
The National Water Quality and Availability Management (NAWQAM) Project is jointly funded by the Government of Egypt (GOE) through the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) and Government of Canada through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Project implementation is based on the partnership development principle, where both the Egyptian Executing Agency (EEA) and the Canadian Executing Agency (CEA) pool their resources to accomplish the intended results. NAWQAM is a nine-year project with an allocated budget of 20.5 million Canadian dollars and 27.5 million Egyptian pounds. During the first two years (1997-1999) of the Project, the inception report was prepared and approved by both partners. The Project is now in its final year of implementation. The National Water Research Center (NWRC) of Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) is the Egyptian Executing Agency for the project. The Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration (PFRA)-Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada is the Canadian Executing Agency. The NAWQAM goal is to develop an effective and coordinated national system for sustainable integrated water resources management in Egypt. The project impacts are two folds:
1. Improved national water resources management policies.
2. Integrated management and sustainable use of all water resources.
The project is composed of five Components, four of which relate to water quality and availability management activities. They are:
- Component 1000, which is responsible for the National Water Quality Monitoring activities. The implementing agencies are the Drainage Research Institute (DRI), the Nile Research Institute (NRI), the Research Institute of Ground Water (RIGW) and the Central Laboratory for Environmental Quality Monitoring (CLEQM) under the supervision of the President of the National Water Research Center (NWRC).
- Component 2000, which is responsible for the Water Availability Management activities. The implementing agency is the Planning Sector (PS), MWRI.
-Component 3000, which is responsible for the Drainage Water Re-use and Pilot Schemes activities. The implementing agency is the Egyptian Public Authority for Drainage Projects (EPADP), MWRI, in collaboration with DRI.
- Component 4000, which is responsible for the Information and Communication Management. The implementing agency is the National Water Research Center (NWRC).
- Component 5000, which is responsible for Project Management and Administration. The implementing agency is NWRC and PFRA.
Since the start up of the project, sufficient information and data have been collected and made available to support the decision makers for improving water quality and availability management policies in Egypt. A series of strategic decisions were implemented to better utilize the available water resources and to protect the public health and the environment.
The excellent commitment of the National Water Research Center (NWRC) in Egypt and the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration (PFRA) in Canada has been the driving force of the success of the project. To address the project activities and the remarkable achievements and its impacts on the future of the national water policy of Egypt, it was found appropriate to invite international water scientists and engineers to share and exchange their knowledge with Egyptian researchers during the event.