غربٌ

National Water Research Center Plan (Year 2002 to Year 2008)


The NWRC put a strict strategy with seven main pillars, on which the research plan is being conducted. The following are the latest NWRC research pillars for the period (2002 – 2007). More details about the allocated budget are available in Appendices (A) and (B).


Pillars of the NWRC Research Plan :


1- Protection and development of traditional and untraditional surface water resources, through:


A)- Increasing the Nile water and High Aswan Dam Reservoir   
    management efficiency.


B)- Protecting the Nile water from salt water invasion (especially at    
    the Northern coast).


C)- Increasing Rainfall harvesting and collecting efficiency in North     
    and Eastern Coasts and North Sinai.


D)- Preparing a "Manual" for waterways and structures protection.


E)- Monitoring aquatic weeds and water hythins and analyzing its data and its effect on      irrigation and drainage waterways (especially the Nile River and High Aswan Dam      Reservoir).


2- Protection and development of groundwater resources, through:


A)- Better management of the non-renewable Nubian Sandstone     
     Aquifer.


B)- Improving the deep groundwater in south Egypt, Siwa Oasis and
      Eastern Desert.


C)- Protecting the shallow groundwater aquifer in the Nile Basin and  
     Delta from pollution.


D)- Encouraging conjunctive-use of ground and surface water   
      especially in Delta fringes and deserts.


E)- Exploring treated industrial wastewater in aquifer injection.


F)- Protecting ancient Egyptian monuments from groundwater rise  
     and dangerous.


G)- Preparing Egypt's hydrographic maps in varies scales.



3- Development of irrigation and drainage system of agricultural land, through:


A)- Increasing the Irrigation efficiency.


B)- More investigations of water demand at all sectors (real water
      requirements).


C)- Development of more efficient irrigation networks.


D)- Supporting and expanding of the water boards at district level.


E)- Research and monitoring of water losses in irrigation networks.


F)- Research to improve the irrigation and drainage water quality.


G)- Supporting the youth in management and maintenance of   
     irrigation system.


H)- Improvement of agricultural land drainage technologies.


 I)- Monitoring and management of agricultural drainage water.


J)- Using of drainage reuse (with acceptable quality) to increase water resources.


K)- Maintenance of irrigation and drainage network to increase its efficiency.

 


4- Development and protection of coastal shores against erosion and pollution, through:


A)- Monitoring and analyzing the coastal problems (seawater intrusion and shores erosions).


B)- Planning for protecting and improving the coastal zones.


C)- Monitoring of present and future coastal shoreline changes.

 



5- Using of traditional and non-traditional energy in operating water resources system, through:



A)- Increasing pump stations efficiency, reducing energy losses.


B)- Establishment of integrated energy usage map and database.


C)- Studying alternatives for energy reduction in agriculture sector.

 



6- Improvement of irrigation and drainage structures, through:


   A)- Protection of Nile hydraulic structures from any dynamic   
        interventions.


   B)- Maintenance and rehabilitation of water structures using modern
        construction technologies.


   C)- Research and development of construction materials.


   D)- Studying the best tools and equipment in canals and drainage   
        lining.

7- Using of modern techniques in protecting and developing traditional and non-traditional water resources and support capacity building for the NWRC, through:


A)- Using of modern technologies as (GIS, Remote Sensing …. etc).


B)- Studying of artificial intelligent and neural networks applications.


C)- Using of internet resources in getting data and modern technologies in water resources management and improvement areas.


D)- Establishment of specialized training programs and capacity building for engineers and technical persons.


E)- Strengthening the NWRC's institutional programs.