National Water Research Center Plan (Year 2002 to Year 2008)
The NWRC put a strict strategy with seven main pillars, on which the research plan is being conducted. The following are the latest NWRC research pillars for the period (2002 – 2007). More details about the allocated budget are available in Appendices (A) and (B).
Pillars of the NWRC Research Plan :
1- Protection and development of traditional and untraditional surface water resources, through:
A)- Increasing the Nile water and High Aswan Dam Reservoir
B)- Protecting the Nile water from salt water invasion (especially at
the Northern coast).
C)- Increasing Rainfall harvesting and collecting efficiency in North
and Eastern Coasts and North Sinai.
D)- Preparing a "Manual" for waterways and structures protection.
E)- Monitoring aquatic weeds and water hythins and analyzing its data and its effect on irrigation and drainage waterways (especially the Nile River and High Aswan Dam Reservoir).
2- Protection and development of groundwater resources, through:
A)- Better management of the non-renewable Nubian Sandstone
B)- Improving the deep groundwater in south Egypt, Siwa Oasis and
C)- Protecting the shallow groundwater aquifer in the Nile Basin and
Delta from pollution.
D)- Encouraging conjunctive-use of ground and surface water
especially in Delta fringes and deserts.
E)- Exploring treated industrial wastewater in aquifer injection.
F)- Protecting ancient Egyptian monuments from groundwater rise
G)- Preparing Egypt's hydrographic maps in varies scales.
3- Development of irrigation and drainage system of agricultural land, through:
A)- Increasing the Irrigation efficiency.
B)- More investigations of water demand at all sectors (real water
C)- Development of more efficient irrigation networks.
D)- Supporting and expanding of the water boards at district level.
E)- Research and monitoring of water losses in irrigation networks.
F)- Research to improve the irrigation and drainage water quality.
G)- Supporting the youth in management and maintenance of
H)- Improvement of agricultural land drainage technologies.
I)- Monitoring and management of agricultural drainage water.
J)- Using of drainage reuse (with acceptable quality) to increase water resources.
K)- Maintenance of irrigation and drainage network to increase its efficiency.
4- Development and protection of coastal shores against erosion and pollution, through:
A)- Monitoring and analyzing the coastal problems (seawater intrusion and shores erosions).
B)- Planning for protecting and improving the coastal zones.
C)- Monitoring of present and future coastal shoreline changes.
5- Using of traditional and non-traditional energy in operating water resources system, through:
A)- Increasing pump stations efficiency, reducing energy losses.
B)- Establishment of integrated energy usage map and database.
C)- Studying alternatives for energy reduction in agriculture sector.
6- Improvement of irrigation and drainage structures, through:
A)- Protection of Nile hydraulic structures from any dynamic
B)- Maintenance and rehabilitation of water structures using modern
C)- Research and development of construction materials.
D)- Studying the best tools and equipment in canals and drainage
7- Using of modern techniques in protecting and developing traditional and non-traditional water resources and support capacity building for the NWRC, through:
A)- Using of modern technologies as (GIS, Remote Sensing …. etc).
B)- Studying of artificial intelligent and neural networks applications.
C)- Using of internet resources in getting data and modern technologies in water resources management and improvement areas.
D)- Establishment of specialized training programs and capacity building for engineers and technical persons.
E)- Strengthening the NWRC's institutional programs.